Colombia is a privileged country in terms of the diversity and availability of natural resources that cover its current energy needs and provide the basis for future production.
that cover its current energy needs and lay the groundwork for future low-emission hydrogen production.
of low-emission hydrogen.
First, Colombia has significant reserves of oil, natural gas and coal that provide it with a position close to self-sufficiency.
reserves of oil, natural gas and coal that provide it with a position of near self-sufficiency in fuels. Specifically, national reserves of natural gas and coal can be
of natural gas and coal can be used for the production of blue hydrogen.
The national government is fully committed to the decarbonization of the economy.
economy. First of all, the ministry of environment announced in November 2020 the target
of reducing 51% of the country's greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. This
This commitment is part of the process of updating Colombia's Nationally Determined Contribution, known as the NDC.
Colombia's Nationally Determined Contribution, known as NDC, which establishes ambitious actions to address the effects of climate
address the effects of climate change over the next 10 years.
The Government of Colombia has a clear commitment to the decarbonization of its energy matrix, while promoting the sustainability of its energy
energy matrix while promoting the long-term sustainability of the country's productive capacities.
productive capacities of the country. In this sense, low-emission hydrogen is a lever for a gradual and fair transition to a more sustainable
transition to a decarbonized economy: first, it allows for the replacement of fossil fuels in those sectors where the country's production capabilities are
First, it allows the replacement of fossil fuels in those sectors where emissions reduction is particularly complex.
complex. On the other hand, it encourages the development of a new value chain, including research and development of knowledge
research and development of knowledge, the industrial deployment of renewable technologies and the implementation of hydrogen use.
and the implementation of the use of hydrogen in various activities such as transport.
Regarding hydrogen demand, a significant penetration is expected in industrial sectors, mainly in refining and
and chemical and fertilizer industries, as well as a start of demand in the transport sector.
of demand in the land transport sector. In these sectors, a supply network of at least 50-100 publicly accessible hydrogen plants for refueling of the above vehicles is expected to be in place by 2030.
vehicles. These stations will be concentrated in large population centers and commercial routes, guaranteeing a high demand for fuel.
comerciales, garantizando una alta demanda de hidrógeno y su viabilidad económica.