Brazil's Minister of Mines and Energy, Bento Albuquerque, said that hydrogen is already one of the country's bets for the development of "fuels of the future. According to him, the country has been studying the incipient source of electricity generation for 20 years, in addition to maintaining international partnerships with Germany, Chile and other countries. He participated this Monday (31) in the Brazil 2021 Investment Forum.
Albuquerque said that the so-called "green hydrogen", which does not involve the emission of polluting gases, should be stimulated by the government. There is the foresight, according to him, to launch in June a program to develop "green hydrogen" in the country, which should result in a first legal framework for the segment.
Hydrogen technology has been gaining ground in recent times in Brazil. However, in the mobility sector, it is still less widespread than battery electric buses. In a scenario of urgency for energy transition, rather than choosing one alternative, the way may lie in the combination of both.
An ambitious energy transition strategy aligned with major international climate goals and an understanding of the economic potential of new technologies can create production opportunities in places with abundant renewable resources capable of favoring hydrogen competitiveness, such as Brazil. This is the case of Brazil, which, with one of the most renewable electricity matrices in the world, could be a powerhouse in the production and export of green hydrogen.
One of the biggest drawbacks for those wishing to purchase a hydrogen vehicle today is the lack of a wide refueling network in Brazil. The current scenario across much of the globe is a shortage of dedicated hydrogen refueling stations. There are indications that this may change in the coming years, but at present it is an unquestionable problem for drivers.
Edson Orikassa, manager of Toyota Brazil and president of the Brazilian Automotive Energy Association, stipulated a target of 800,000 vehicles and 900 hydrogen stations by 2030. The "big three", as Toyota, Nissan and Honda are known, formed, with 11 other companies, H2 Mobility, which developed a ten-year plan to build this infrastructure. The stations spread throughout Brazil will help spread hydrogen energy to consumers and lower the price of fuel cell-powered cars.
Approved by the National Energy Policy Council (CNPE) this month, the Future Fuel program brings a signal to the market about the federal government's energy planning for the decarbonization of the transportation sector. The CNPE last week approved the development of a national hydrogen program.
The assessment states that "rainbow hydrogen" can be expected. "Brazil has no reason to choose a particular route. With the increase in natural gas production, it makes all the sense in the world to have blue hydrogen. Since we have wind and solar power, we have green hydrogen," he explained.
As for the creation of the hydrogen refueling station network, the CNPE points out that the decision between centralized or distributed production of
hydrogen can circumvent the non-existence of a distribution network.
distribution network. The electrolyzers or reformers can be installed near the consumption
consumption site. However, the business model must be decided by the market.