The Dutch government has recently implemented the Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II) with which the EU aims to halt the growth of biofuels from food and feed and phase out biofuels from palm oil, due to the ecological impact of their production. Instead, the increase in renewable energy in transport should come from advanced (bio)fuels, which can be produced from the feedstocks listed in Annex IX of the RED II.
This includes the use of waste oils and fats, including the use of used cooking oil (UCO), as listed in Annex IX B. The production of biodiesel from waste oils and fats is a relatively mature and cheap technology in the form of HVO, Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil.
The use of HVO in the fossil diesel blend is very common, having one of the highest utilisation rates in the world with consumption targets of up to 16% of renewable energy used for transport. With this, the investment in a network of filling stations has been important in the country, achieving a large implantation.
In the Netherlands there are 131 filling stations offering HVO100 for sale to the public with an even higher number of refuelling points offering other grades of blending with traditional diesel such as HVO50 or HVO20.