Poland has a rich tradition in the field of biofuels for transport, non-fossil fuels were used in transport in Poland already before World War II.
Today, the principles governing the development and operation of petrol station infrastructure designed to use alternative fuels in transport in Poland are identified in the Act of 11 January 2018 on alternative fuels, which implements EU Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuel infrastructure, including HVO100.
The objectives and supporting instruments for the development of the market and infrastructure for HVO100 used in road transport and marine transport,
are contained in the National Policy Framework for the Development of Alternative Fuels approved by the Polish Government. In this context, hydrogenated vegetable oils (HVO) play an increasingly important role, as they constitute a feedstock with a huge potential, in which case there is no blending limit and which can therefore be added to liquid fuels above the technical standards established so far.
According to data from the National Centre for Agricultural Support, the production of biocomponents was carried out in Poland by 24 companies in 2021. Three of these entities are engaged in HVO production (one of them, Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN S.A., has three plants).
The total production capacity of this biocomponent in Poland, declared by the producers, is 417 000 tonnes (540 million litres) and is more than double the capacity declared at the start of 2020
In Poland HVO can already be found in filling stations throughout the country but always mixed with diesel, although Orlen, Poland's main filling station operator, has already declared its intention to start marketing HVO100.