Most current estimates indicate that by 2028 India will be the most populous country in the world, and the larger the population, the greater the need for transport. The Government of India is seriously considering the need to incorporate HVO100 into its transport fuel mix.
HVO is proving to be a success and production plants are being built around the world primarily by converting existing oil refineries into HVO biorefineries. The problem facing this market is the fact that large-scale commercial vegetable oil refineries rely on palm oil as the most common feedstock, the cultivation of which is considered harmful to the environment.
There is no HVO plant in India, but the Indian Oil Corporation has studied the co-processing of inedible oils and waste cooking oils, UCO, in oil refineries. In this technology, there is no need to set up a new green field processing unit, but only minor modifications to the existing oil processing plant are required.
For the mainstreaming of HVO100, among others, in May 2018, the Indian Cabinet approved the new biofuels policy and the policy was notified in June 2018. The objective of the policy is to enable the availability of biofuels in the Indian market and to this end it has proposed a 5% HVO blending target in diesel by 2030. To achieve this target, the policy recommends, among other things the setting up of second generation (2G) biorefineries and development of new technologies for conversion into biofuels.
In India, the first projects for a network of HVO100 filling stations are being planned, although implementation is still marginal.