CNG is the gas used as a fuel. It comes in two forms: compressed natural gas, CNG, and liquefied natural gas, LNG. In compressed form, CNG is delivered through the distribution network. BioNGV is the renewable version of CNG. This green gas has the same properties as CNG, but is obtained by methanizing organic waste. BioNGV therefore makes it possible to drive sustainably with a locally produced fuel.
France has set ambitious targets as part of its multi-year energy program (PPE): 3% of heavy-duty vehicles to run on CNG and 20% on CNG by 2023. By 2030, more than 340,000 vehicles are to run on CNG.
The deployment of a new fuel in an area
implies the creation of a network of
Electric recharging stations. Some French territorial authorities have chosen to
Invest in stations through the Sociétés d'économie mixte
Sociétés d'Économie Mixte. They therefore have a dual mission
Mission: Deployment of a
supply network for alternative fuels and to secure local economic
Others prefer to support the initiative of major private
private actors by providing the land necessary for the establishment of BioNGV stations.
The installation of a BioNGV station in France represents an investment that can range from
500,000 to 1,500,000 euros. It can be reserved for a specific use (e.g., buses) or open to the public for all types of vehicles. Financing
Models vary, but in each case, the station must be properly sized to meet
current and future demand to ensure competitive fuel costs.
Any industrial or agricultural operation in France that may cause hazards, pollution, or nuisance, particularly to the health and safety of nearby residents, is a classified installation for the protection of the environment (ICPE). ICPE1413 regulations define the location of the station: safety distances, accessibility and direction of lanes and parking areas, etc.