Hydrogen for transport has been on Norway's agenda for some time. The first step was taken when
The Bellona Foundation imported a converted Mercedes Sprinter from the German WEIT project in 2002 and performed the first hydrogen filling in Norway and, a year later, started Norway's first hydrogen filling structure.
Existing Norwegian rules and regulations had to be adapted to accommodate hydrogen vehicles.
to accommodate hydrogen vehicles and related technologies, and the project was an important first step in initiating this.
Norway's first hydrogen station opened in 2006 near Stavanger, the second in Porsgrunn in 2007, and two stations opened in Oslo and Lier in 2009. Hydrogen stations were also planned for Bergen and Lyngdal, but these projects were never carried out.
A plan to roll out H2 stations in southern Norway has recently been unveiled, with the ambition to have up to 15 zero-emission freight and passenger fueling points in operation by the end of 2023.
The plan is part of the Scandinavian green hydrogen refueling strategy for trucks, buses and cars connecting major traffic corridors in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. It will initially cover Norway south of Trondheim and connect to H2 stations in Sweden and Denmark.
Norway has a strong process industry and several companies engaged in hydrogen production.
Hydrogen is an intermittent product in fertilizer production, and the fertilizer company Yara
has produced hydrogen with both electrolyzers and steam methane reforming (SMR) in Herøya (Porsgrunn).
at Herøya (Porsgrunn, south of Oslo). Hydrogen is also a by-product in the production of chlorine-related products.
in the production of chlorine-related products, where Norsk Hydro operates in Rafnes (Porsgrunn). Finally, Statoil
Statoil's hydrogen production as part of its methanol production in Tjeldbergodden (Norway) and at its Mongstad refinery in Mongstad (Norway).
and at its Mongstad refinery near Bergen.